A technique of visualising the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

The patient usually undergoes a general anaesthetic. An instrument (bronchoscope) is inserted into the airways, usually through the nose or mouth, or occasionally through a tracheostomy. This allows the practitioner to examine the patient’s airways for abnormalities such as bleeding, tumours, or inflammation. Specimens and samples may be taken from inside the lungs.

The procedure can assess and confirm the condition of the oesophagus, vocal structures, airways and secretions within the lungs. Tests and studies can be carried out to help determine a diagnosis for Reflux, Aspiration, Laryngomalacia and Gastroparesis.


About Author


As well as being one of the founding members of refluxSUPPORT...Jonathan is a Board Member and trustee of Living with Reflux – the only UK Charity for infants with reflux related conditions.He is also a stakeholder in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) – Gastro-oesophageal reflux in children and young people.He has three daughters of which the eldest is now seventeen. Two suffered from severe reflux.